Located on the north-western part of the Black Sea coast is the city of Odessa, Ukraine. The fortress of Khadzhibey was established there in the 15th century. In 1789, the Russian army stormed the fortress and it ceded to Russia after their victory in the Russian-Turkish War of 1787-1791. Considering the favorable geographic position of the city, Catherine II, the Russian Empress, issued a decree for building a merchant quay and natural harbor there in spring 1794. The first piles were driven into the sea on September 2, 1794. This date is referred to as the birthday of the port and the city, which was named Odessa.
Nowadays, it has become a large industrial center with chemical products and mechanical engineering plants, food processing and other industry factories. The combination of sea air and dry steppe, the mild climate that has more than 290 sunny days a year, the healing muds of the Khadzhibey and Kuyalnik Estuaries have all contributed to Odessa’s development as a major seaside and health resort center. Its link with the vast resources of Russia, the convenient geographic position and location on the cross road brought about the rapid development of Odessa’s Merchant Sea Port. The port had begun to handle half of the freight turnover of the Black and Azov Russian ports by 1815.
The Odessa Ukraine Port became the largest port on the entire Black Sea cost by the middle of the 19th century. It is currently the leading Ukrainian port.
VHF radio channels 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 31, 33, 67, 70, 74 cannot be used by vessels in the Odessa port control area for private conversations. If they don’t have a VHF radio or it is out of service, communication can be done with VTS.
Odessa Port Ukraine is located on the Black Sea’s north-western coast and in the south-western area of Odesskiy Gulf. It spreads out over 141.0 hectares of manmade areas. The navigable period of the port is year-round, but ice breaker assistance is often required during severe winter season, which typically lasts for about 30 days. Ice formation begins late in December and lasts till February. The ice is often broken by strong gales and winds. If the winters are mild, ice may not form in Odesskiy Gulf. The tides depend on wind duration and force, which ranges between 0.6 to 1 m.
Ships come into and leave Odessa port through its Northern, Eastern and Western gates. The other nearest sea ports are Llichevsk and Yuzhny.
Entering and Leaving Odessa Port
Shipmasters are required to report their ETA at the port through their agent 24 to 48 hours in advance. They need to provide some basic information like the type of cargo, name of the charterer if the vessel is coming in for loading. If the vessel is coming for discharge, then they need to provide information like the quantity and type of cargo. Very long and heavyweight cargoes need to be reported separately.
Transit-Freight (logistic) terminal
Opened on May 13, 2005, this terminal has a storage area of about 51,500 m2. There are two warehouses in the terminal for keeping valuable cargo and they have a total area of 25,444 sq ft and 649 sq ft, respectively. The warehouses work round the clock and they have also been equipped with rack systems for storing goods. Nine vehicles can be staged simultaneously with a warehouse ramp. The area also has a surveillance system, an alarm system, a ventilation system and also a fire-fighting system. An office complex also exists, which can be used for leasing space for at least 30 offices. The Maritime Security Agency of Ukraine provides extra security to the entire port.
Oil and Gas Terminal
This is the biggest terminal in Ukraine and is often referred to as the OMTP Oil District. There are a total of six berths and it is used by numerous fuel depots like ‘Eksimnaftoprodukt’ (the former Russian oil export-import company), ‘Synthes Oil’ (associate of ‘Eksimnaftoprodukt’), ‘Odesnaftoprodukt’ (the state regional company) and also a complex of ‘Ukloadsystem’ to upload liquefied gas. The oil district is allowed to receive tankers that have load capabilities between 1,000 and 100,000 tons.
As far as fuel products are concerned, they are transferred to the reservoirs of fuel depos through pipelines. These depots have access to pump capabilities and railway, which makes it easier to transfer fuel products to cistern railcars. There are two specialized births in the terminal for natural gas and also a reservoir park that’s located two miles away from the harbor. This terminal can handle 700,000 tons of liquefied natural gas in a year. Apart from that, the terminal also has a system of automatic protection including foam supply and water curtain. There is an oil-spill collector and also a fireboat. There is also a ballast water treatment station on the port.
One of the largest passenger terminals that can be found in the Black Sea basin is in Port of Odessa. The terminal is capable of receiving five motor ships simultaneously at piers with their total length reaching 1,370 m. The port facilities allow ships up to 300 m long to dock there. There is also a car parking offered at this terminal, which offers 24-hour security. There are a number of bars in the complex, a marine gallery, a concert-exhibition hall, a yacht marina complex, the Saint Nicholas Church, the Museum of sea fleet of Ukraine exposition, a diving center of the Poseidon diving club, ‘Grand Europe’ restaurant and the four star hotel ‘Odessa’, amongst others.
A year before the city of Odessa was founded, the Shipyard was established. During the Soviet times, the factory served as the supporting base of the Black Sea Shipping Company. The wharf can accommodate ships having a displacement of about 30,000 tons. As for the cargo lifting capabilities, there are six portal cranes.
There are also several Stevedore companies serving the Port of Odessa like Trans Service International, Prista-Oil, Brooklyn, Novolog, Olimpex Coupe International and others.
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